VI had awarded colonial rights over most of the newly discovered lands to Spain and Portugal 322 and the ensuing patronato system allowed state authorities, not the Vatican, to control all clerical appointments in the new colonies. Medieval Cities: Their Origins and the Revival of Trade. Latourette, by Kenneth Scott. A church sui iuris is defined in the Code of Canons for the Eastern Churches as a "group of Christian faithful united by a hierarchy" that is recognised by the Pope in his capacity as the supreme authority on matters of doctrine within the church. 216 In the past some of the rites used by the Eastern Catholic Churches were subject to a degree of liturgical Latinisation.
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Archived from the original on Retrieved b Barry,. 335 In the 18th century, writers such as Voltaire and the Encyclopédistes wrote biting critiques of both religion and the Catholic Church. 298 The resulting religious discord between Germanic rulers and Catholic subjects 299 was avoided when, in 497, Clovis I, the Frankish ruler, converted to orthodox Catholicism, allying himself with the papacy and the monasteries. Thus in 250 the Roman episcopate of Peter was admitted by those best able to know the truth, not merely at Rome but in the churches of Africa and of Asia Minor. A History of Christianity. 162 Confirmation Main article: Confirmation in the Catholic Church The Catholic Church sees the sacrament of confirmation as required to complete the grace given in baptism. "Catholic Church Issues Condemnation of Abortion, In-Vitro Fertilization". 19 The first known use of the phrase "the catholic church" ( he katholike ekklesia ) occurred in the letter written about 110 AD from Saint Ignatius of Antioch to the Smyrnaeans. Zenit: The World Seen from Rome. Retrieved "Perspective A top cardinal's sex-abuse conviction is huge news in Australia.